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2019 Solution to Boko-Haram Insurgency in Nigeria


The solution to Boko-Haram insurgence is in two (2) phase, the short term and the long term solution: For the long term phase;
Education is obviously the number one priority, especially in the Northern part of the country. Majority of past political elites in this part of the country perhaps know this, that's why they have manipulated this disadvantage as their cash cow in the political arena for years. Until now, when war entrepreneurs like the Boko-Haram terrorist feel the need to also exploit this disadvantage, many never really saw child education like in the northern part of Nigeria as a national treat.


Some popular ambiguous Islamic/ cultural views and tradition most be set straight. Example of such is the PERVASIVE practice in the northern part of the country; where a man who can't manage a wife and kid properly, ends up marrying numerous wife's, hence leaving them to cater for themselves. And all these hides under the guise of Islamic rule which says; A man is entitled to marry more than one wife, forgetting the "BUT" in that particular statement. Yet such is tolerated and encouraged because when its comes to "Nigeria, the worlds most diverse ethnic groups, united in diversity", religious and traditional beliefs of such even if its wrong must be practiced. But that is a big fallacy, we must not continue to patronize such among-st many others for a strong and better national development, whilst the need for education cannot be over emphasized. 

Job creation is a critical tool to break insurgency. My understanding of the insurgency we are experiencing in Nigeria today is that it came from the fact that Nigeria has about five serious challenges that we must face: electricity, unemployment, drug addiction, transnational crimes, and indeed the electoral process which brings about perceived injustice. 

It is a sad story that a beautiful country like Nigeria with tremendous human and material resources should be the most dynamic business destination in the world. Insurgency is a recurrent issue in Africa not just in Nigeria. But here in Nigeria, what the leaders and all of us must do to stop this menace is to work as members of one family. We must stop manipulating ourselves to such extreme. Firstly; was the Niger Delta Militancy, then the Boko-Haram Insurgence and the purported Fulani Herds Men Attacks. 

The idea of one man's Glory must be shunned upon and eradicated. The Nigeria Security Agencies have to understand that working together in synergy would immensely propel their success rate. It is now a must for the Nigerian Infantry to work closely with the Nigerian Airforce so closely that insurgence and terrorist activities would be something of history. The bulldozing attitude of the Nigeria Infantry and shoulder raising ego against other security agencies in Nigeria must stop to tarnish this queer feeling and loss of hope in the land. All security agencies in Nigeria are not left out of this apportioned blames. They must boost better communication strategies to help in the fight against Boko-Haram insurgency and anticipated problems to come.

This is another week point in Nigeria which Top Brass exploits for cash even at the detriment of numerous Nigerians losing their lives and properties. War entrepreneurs and intrapreneurs would use what ever means possible to make sure the war against insurgency never ends in Nigeria. 

Finally, on the long term  solution phase to eradicate insurgency, Boko-Haram terrorist, among-st other group encouraging disturbance in the country are:

Heavy investment on PRISONS AND PRIVATIZATION must be encouraged and adhered to strictly. its no longer news that the government owned and managed correctional facilities in the land only helps in upgrading and encouraging the abilities of criminals sent into such facilities. With the embezzlement of funds meant to manage such facilities, lack of equipment, machines and technical know-how to help rehabilitate convicts and to teach them skills to help them turn a new leaf after their time in prison. This is an experience i acquired as a member of a religious non governmental organisation on a visit to a prison in Edo State, Ubiaja. 

The need for general privatization and private prisons must be ensured. A way to make prisoners pay for the damages and mayhem they perpetrate. A break and pay policy must be practiced. Prisons must be seen as a rehabilitation and revenue making venture. Except these is done innocent Nigerians will continue to be Cash Cows for these pervasive criminals.

Arguments for and Against Private Owned Prisons
A 2016 book by Anastasia Glushko (a former worker in the private prison sector argues in favour of privately owned prisons in Australia. According to Glushko, private prisons in Australia have decreased the costs of holding prisoners and increased positive relationships between inmates and correctional workers. Outsourcing prison services to private companies has allowed for costs to be cut in half. Compared with $270 a day in a government-run West Australian jail, each prisoner in the privately operated Acacia Prison near Perth costs the taxpayer $182. Glushko also says positive prisoner treatment was observed during privatization in Australia by including more respectful attitudes to prisoners and mentoring schemes, increased out-of-cell time and more purposeful activities.


However, a 2016 report from the University of Sydney found that in general, all states of Australia lacked a comprehensive approach to hold private prisons accountable to the government. The authors said that of all the states, Western Australia had the "most developed regulatory approach" to private prison accountability, as they had learnt from the examples in Queensland and Victoria. Western Australia provided much information about the running of private prisons in the state to the public, making it easier to assess performance. However the authors note that in spite of this, overall it is difficult to compare the performance and costs of private and public prisons as they often house different kinds and amounts of prisoners, in different states with different regulations. They note that Acacia Prison, sometimes held up as an example of how private prisons can be well run, cannot serve as a general example of prison privatization.

However, well researched and doctored policies to the approach of private prisons is a must way for Nigeria. Enabling facilities which can be watched and security wisely must be developed to engage prisoners in producing some of the products we are short of in the country and those we import.  

HISTORY OF BOKO-HARAM
The Islamic State in West Africa or Islamic State’s West Africa Province (abbreviated as ISWA or ISWAP), formerly known as Jamā'at Ahl as-Sunnah lid-Da'wah wa'l-Jihād (Arabic: جماعة أهل السنة للدعوة والجهاد‎, "Group of the People of Sunnah for Preaching and Jihad") and commonly known as Boko Haram until March 2015, is a jihadist militant organization based in northeastern Nigeria, also active in Chad, Niger and northern Cameroon.
Founded by Mohammed Yusuf in 2002, the group has been led by Abubakar Shekau since 2009. When Boko Haram first formed, their actions were nonviolent. Their main goal was to “purify Islam in northern Nigeria." From March 2015 to August 2016, the group was aligned with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. Since the current insurgency started in 2009, Boko Haram has killed tens of thousands and displaced 2.3 million from their homes and was ranked as the world's deadliest terror group by the Global Terrorism Index in 2015.
After its founding in 2002, Boko Haram's increasing radicalization led to a violent uprising in July 2009 in which its leader was summarily executed. Its unexpected resurgence, following a mass prison break in September 2010, was accompanied by increasingly sophisticated attacks, initially against soft targets, but progressing in 2011 to include suicide bombings of police buildings and the United Nations office in Abuja. The government's establishment of a state of emergency at the beginning of 2012, extended in the following year to cover the entire northeast of Nigeria, led to an increase in both security force abuses and militant attacks.
Of the 2.3 million people displaced by the conflict since May 2013, at least 250,000 have left Nigeria and fled into Cameroon, Chad or Niger. Boko Haram killed over 6,600 in 2014. The group have carried out mass abductions including the kidnapping of 276 schoolgirls from Chibok in April 2014. Corruption in the security services and human rights abuses committed by them have hampered efforts to counter the unrest.

In mid-2014, the militants gained control of swathes of territory in and around their home state of Borno, estimated at 50,000 square kilometres (20,000 sq mi) in January 2015, but did not capture the state capital, Maiduguri, where the group was originally based. On 7 March 2015, Boko Haram's leader Abubakar Shekau pledged allegiance to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, rebranding as Islamic State in West Africa. In September 2015, the Director of Information at the Defence Headquarters of Nigeria announced that all Boko Haram camps had been destroyed.

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